top of page
Aircraft Hangar

Private Pilot

(FAR 61.109)

40 hours minimum which consists of at least: 

  1. 20 hours with an instructor

  2. 10 hours minimum flying solo

Instrument Rating

(FAR 61.55)

  1. Hold at least a private pilot certificate 

  2. 50 hours of cross-country as pilot-in-command

  3. 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time 

  4. 15 hours training from an authorized instructor 

Commercial Pilot

(FAR 61.129)

  1. 250 hours of total flight time (100 hours must be in powered aircraft, 50 must be in airplanes) 

  2. 100 hours of PIC time (50 of which must be in airplanes)

  3. 50 hours cross-country time (10 of which must be in airplane) 

  4. 20 hours of training (10 of instrument/ 10 of complex, technically advanced aircraft 

  5. 10 hours solo/supervised Pilot in Command 

Multi-Engine Rating

(FAR 61.63)

While there are no specific hour requirements for adding a multi-engine rating to a certificate, most pilots require about 10 hours of flight training to reach the proficiency to pass the practical test.

A complete list can be found in the following sections of the Federal Aviation Regulations/ Aeronautical Information Manual (FAR/AIM)
bottom of page